worldwide missions
The Harvest Fields • Statistics 2019 edition
compiled by Stephen Ross

Therefore said He unto them, The harvest truly is great, but the labourers are few: pray ye therefore the Lord of the harvest, that He would send forth labourers into His harvest. Luke 10:2

Say not ye, There are yet four months, and then cometh harvest? behold, I say unto you, Lift up your eyes, and look on the fields; for they are white already to harvest. John 4:35

Now then we are ambassadors for Christ. 2 Corinthians 5:20a

Go ye into all the world, and preach the gospel to every creature. Mark 16:15b

For God so loved the world, that He gave His only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in Him should not perish, but have everlasting life John 3:16

And we have seen and do testify that the Father sent the Son to be the Saviour of the world. 1 John 4:14

Harvest Fields Index
Population Statistics: Country Statistics:
World's Total Largest Countries
Continent/Region Largest Urban Areas
Birth Rate 40%+ Under 15 Years Old
Death Rate Lowest Life Expectancy
Average Life Expectancy Muslim Countries
Age Structure Roman Catholic Countries
Major Religions    Languages References

Population Statistics

World Population Estimate5
7,603,138,770

For most up-to-date estimate, see U.S. and World Population Clock, United States Census Bureau.

The United Nations Population Division estimates that in 1 AD, there were 300 million people in the world; in 1250, 400 million; in 1500, 500 million. According to UN estimates, the world population reached 1 billion in 1804; rose to 2 billion 123 years later, in 1927; to 3 billion 33 years after that, in 1960; to 4 billion in 1974; to 5 billion in 1987; to 6 billion in 1999; and to 7 billion in 2011. The UN put the world population in mid-2018 at about 7.6 billion. It projects that the population will reach 8 billion by 2023.2

"To give a point of reference for the magnitude of one billion, it would require forty thousand trips around the world to equal one billion miles."4

Population by Continent/Region (2018 est.)2
Asia 4,450,997,000
Africa 1,264,314,000
Europe (incl. Russia) 748,074,000
Latin America* 636,746,000
North America** 365,272,000
Oceania (incl. Australia) 38,425,000
Antarctica no indigenous inhabitants
*Includes South America, Central America and the Caribbean.
**Includes the United States and Canada.
Note: Asia is home to 60 percent of global population.
China and India account for more than half of Asia's total population.

World Birth/Death Rates (2017 est.)1
Birth Rate: Death Rate:
18 births/1,000 population 8 deaths/1,000 population
135 million births each year 56.8 million people die each year
368,600 births each day 155,500 people die each day
15,360 births each hour 6480 people die each hour
259 births each minute 108 people die each minute
4.3 births each second 1.8 people die each second

Average Life Expectancy at Birth is 69 years1

Age Structure of World's Population1
1.86 billion people age 0-14 years (25%)
1.18 billion people age 15-24 years (16%)
3.01 billion people age 25-54 years (41%)
630 million people age 55-64 years (9%)
636 million people are 65 years and over (9%)

[Index]

Country Statistics

Ten Largest Countries in Population (2018 est.)2

There are approximately 228 inhabited countries and territories in the world. China is the most populous nation with 1/5 of the world's people. About half the world's people live in the first six largest countries listed below.

China 1,384,688,986
India 1,296,834,042
United States 329,256,465
Indonesia 262,787,403
Brazil 208,846,892
Pakistan 207,862,518
Nigeria 195,300,343
Bangladesh 159,453,001
Russia 142,122,776
Japan 126,168,156

The 20 Largest Built-Up Urban Areas in the World3
Urban Area Population*
1. Tokyo-Yokohama, Japan 38,050,000
2. Jakarta, Indonesia 32,275,000
3. Delhi, India 27,280,000
4. Manila, Philippines 24,650,000
5. Seoul-Incheon, South Korea 24,210,000
6. Shanghai, China 24,115,000
7. Mumbai (Bombay), India 23,265,000
8. New York City, U.S. 21,575,000
9. Beijing (Peking), China 21,250,000
10. São Paulo, Brazil 21,100,000
11. Mexico City, Mexico 20,565,000
12. Guangzhou-Foshan, China 19,965,000
13. Dhaka, Bangladesh 17,425,000
14. Osaka-Kobe-Kyoto, Japan 17,165,000
15. Moscow, Russia 16,855,000
16. Cairo, Egypt 16,545,000
17. Bangkok, Thailand 15,975,000
18. Los Angeles, United States 15,620,000
19. Buenos Aires, Argentina 15,520,000
20. Kolkata, India 15,095,000

Note: Population figures for the world's largest cities differ from one source to another because of the different concepts used (i.e. urban area, urban agglomerations, metropolitan areas, etc.)

[Index]

Countries With 40% or More of the Population 0-14 Years of Age1
Country Population
0-14 Years of Age (%)
Afghanistan 41
Angola 48
Benin 42
Burkina Faso 44
Burundi 46
Cameroon 42
Central African Republic 40
Chad 48
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 41
Congo, Republic of the 42
Cote d'Ivoire 40
Equatorial Guinea 40
Eritrea 40
Ethiopia 43
Gaza Strip 44
Guinea 41
Guinea-Bissau 44
Liberia 44
Madagascar 40
Malawi 46
Mali 48
Mozambique 45
Niger 49
Nigeria 42
Rwanda 41
Sao Tome and Principe 41
Senegal 41
Sierra Leone 42
Somalia 43
South Sudan 42
Sudan 43
Tanzania 43
Timor-Leste 40
Togo 40
Uganda 48
Zambia 46

[Index]

Countries With Lowest Life Expectancy1
(under 60 yrs.)
Country Life Expectancy (yrs.)
Afghanistan 52.1
Cameroon 59
Central African Republic 53
Chad 57.5
Cote D'Ivoire 60
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 58
Eswtini (Swaziland) 57.2
Lesotho 53
Mozambique 54
Niger 56.3
Nigeria 59
Sierra Leone 59
Somalia 53.2
Uganda 56.3
Zambia 53

[Index]

Major Muslim Countries of the World1
(% of population)
Country Muslim (%)
Afghanistan 99.7
Albania 57
Algeria 99 (official; predominantly Sunni)
Azerbaijan 97 (predominantly Shia)
Bahrain 74
Bangladesh 89
Bosnia and Herzegovinia 51
Brunei 79
Burkina Faso 62
Chad 52
Djibouti 94
Egypt 90 (predominantly Sunni)
Gambia, The 96
Gaza Strip 98-99
Guinea 89
Indonesia 87
Iran 99 (official)
Iraq 95-99 (official)
Jordan 97 (official; predominantly Sunni)
Kazakhstan 70
Kosovo 96
Kuwait 75 (official)
Kyrgyzstan 75
Lebanon 58
Libya 97 (official; Sunni)
Malaysia 61 (official)
Maldives Sunni Muslim (official)
Mali 95
Mauritania 100 (official)
Morocco 99 (official; Sunni)
Niger 99
Nigeria 52
Oman 86
Pakistan 96 (official)
Qatar 68
Saudi Arabia 100 (official)
Senegal 96
Sierra Leone 79
Somalia Sunni Muslim (official)
Sudan Sunni Muslim
Syria 87 (official)
Tajikistan 97
Tunisia 99 (official, Sunni)
Turkey 99.8
Turkmenistan 89
United Arab Emirates 76 (official)
Uzbekistan 88
West Bank 80-85
Western Sahara Muslim
Yemen 99 (official)

[Index]

Major Roman Catholic Countries of the World1
(% of population)
Country Roman Catholic (%)
Argentina 92% (less than 20% practicing)
Austria 74
Belgium 50
Bolivia 77
Brazil 65
Burundi 62
Chile 67
Colombia 79
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 50
Costa Rica 72
Croatia 86
Cuba 85 (nominally)
Dominican Republic 95
Ecuador 74
El Salvador 50
France 63-66
Guam 85
Haiti 55
Ireland 78
Italy 80
Lithuania 77
Luxembourg 70
Malta 90 (more than)
Mexico 83
Nicaragua 50
Panama 85
Paraguay 90
Peru 60
Philippines 81
Poland 87
Portugal 81
Puerto Rico 85
Sao Tome and Principe 56
Slovakia 62
Slovenia 58
Spain 70
Timor-Leste 98
Venezuela 96 (nominally)

[Index]

Major Religions of the World (mid-2016)2
Christians 2,447,988,000
  Roman Catholics 1,242,461,000
  Protestants 552,599,000
  Independents* 428,591,000
  Orthodox 284,117,000
Muslims** 1,752,045,000
Hindus 1,019,421,000
Buddhists 521,492,000
Chinese folk religionists 441,145,000
Sikhs 25,741,000
Jews 14,778,000

*This term denotes members of Christian churches and networks that regard themselves as postdenominationalist and neo-apostolic and thus independent of historic, mainstream, organized, institutionalized, confessional, denominationalist Christianity.
**Sunnis—1,532,250,000; Shiites—204,740,000.

Languages of the World

1. There are an estimated 7,097 living languages spoken in the world.
2. About 40% of the world's people speak one of the eight most common languages: Chinese (Mandarin), Spanish, English, Arabic, Hindi, Bengali, Portuguese, Russian.
3. "Approximately 80% of the languages are spoken by less than 100,000 people; about 150 languages are spoken by less then 10 people; communities that are isolated from each other in mountainous regions often develop multiple languages; Papua New Guinea, for example, boasts about 840 separate languages."
4. Approximately 2,300 languages are spoken in Asia, 2,140 in Africa, 1,310 in the Pacific, 1,060 in the Americas, and 290 in Europe (2018).
5. "Nearly 2/3 of the languages are from Africa and Asia."
Sources: The World Factbook (CIA); Ethnologue: Languages of the World, 21st ed.; The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2019.

References

1. The World Factbook (CIA).
2. The World Almanac and Book of Facts 2019, ©2019.
3. Demographia World Urban Areas. 14th edition. April, 2018. www.demographia.com
4. Biblical Missions: History, Principles, Practice by Roy F. Dearmore. Garland, Tex.: Rodgers Baptist Church, ©1997.
5. U.S. and World Population Clock, United States Census Bureau.


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